|| Vatha Principle Functions
|| Important Sites
Subtle and minute
Control natural urges
Controls secretions and excretions
Vata regulates all activities of the body movements and it is represented by the central nerve system. It acts a catalyst which brings about the expression of the other two doshas. It is an invisible energy/force that is responsible for controlling ones circulation, respiration, excretion etc. It is incharge of the vital essence of life ie prana; which when leaves the body leads to cessation of life. The attributes of Vata dosha are dry, light, cool, mobile, rough, penetrating, unbounded, clear/Bones, large intestine, pelvic cavity, skin, thighs, ears are the seats of vata dosha. The colon is the most important seat of vata.
Changes in the food, lifestyle, climate and mental factors can cause an imbalance of vata dosha. The factors similar to the attributes/properties of vata will bring about its aggravation while those opposite to it pacify it. When vata gets aggravated respective the signs and symptoms depending upon the site of aggravation will be exhibited. Vata dosha is further classified into 5types according to its seat and the different functions it carries.
Praana Vayu- Residing in the head it governs reasoning, learning, creativiting, receiving information through sense organs, interpreting them and reacting to them, consciousness and mental activities.
Udaan Vayu- Residing in the chest and throat pervading the nose, umbilicus & throat it governs sneezing, inspiration, expiration, hiccough, spitting.
Vyaana Vayu- Residing in Heart; pervading all over the body, it is responsible for controlling heart functions & movements of the body parts.
Samaana Vayu –Residing near the digestive fire it governs the digestion, absorption & assimilation of food. It stimulates the peristaltic movements.
Apaana Vayu-Pervading in the pelvic cavity, bladder, sexual and reproductive organs.
It governs the elimination of wastes, menstrual cycle, sexual function, childbirth.
Symptoms of vata aggravation are poor circulation, constipation, abdominal distention, emaciation, joint pains, stiffness, cracking of joints, breathing difficulty etc.
Measures to Balance Vata Dosha
1) Consume warm, oily, sweet, sour and salty food stuff.
2) Avoid cold, frozen, raw food, gas producing food like potatoes, cauliflower, biscuits, refined flour.
3) Avoid fasting over exertion, strenuous sports and activities causing extensive wear and tear.
4) Stay warm in cold, windy and rainy weather.
5) Avoid suppressing natural urges like urination etc and mental emotions.
6) Refrain from smoking, alcohol, stimulants.